In this article, we’ll learn about the set of guidelines set by Europe, at an individual or population level, regarding the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Some countries adhere to these preventive guidelines, but most of these countries are within the EU.

Cardiovascular disease prevention is a set of actions targeting individuals or a population to minimize the risk of getting cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease remains the top cause of death in the world despite the advanced medical procedures and drugs developed for the disease.

Since 1980, the coronary artery disease cases have dropped due to the successful preventive laws on smoking. However, coronary artery disease remains at large because of the varying factors about health in every country. Also, if the preventive measure against coronary artery disease is strictly implemented in each country, then the incidence would be relatively rare.

Prevention of cardiovascular disease like coronary artery disease can be targeted in a population-wide setting by promoting healthy lifestyle behaviour. On an individual level, those who are at risk should be counseled properly on healthy habits, identifying bad habits, and discouraging activities that could trigger cardiovascular disease.

Prevention against cardiovascular disease works. It could prevent at least 80% of cardiovascular disease risk. Prevention is better than cure. Curing cardiovascular disease involves medications as well as herbal supplements such as CBD oil.

Some of the cardiovascular disease prevention guideline from Europe:

  1. Assessments and check-ups should be regularly done on an individual that has a high level of risk of developing cardiovascular disease or those with a family history of premature cardiovascular disease. Repeat the assessment every five years.
  2. Risk assessment is not recommended in men under 40 years old and in women under 50 years old provided that these individuals have no known risk factors.
  3. Risk assessment through the use of SCORE is recommended for individuals aged more than 40 unless they are diagnosed to be at high risk or very high risk of cardiovascular disease and kidney disease.
  4. For all ages, with or without the risk of cardiovascular disease, is encouraged to have at least 150 minutes per week aerobic exercise.
  5. The state’s health department needs to identify smokers and constantly discourage them from continuing the vice through the use of the following (sole use or in combination):
    1. nicotine replacement therapies
    2. varenicline
    3. bupropion
  6. A healthy diet is considered the key to maintaining a healthy cardiovascular disposition.
  7. People should be encouraged to stay within their normal body mass index (BMI).
  8. Medicinal treatment is recommended for people with hypertension.
  9. Prescribed treatments for cardiovascular disease should be simplified to the lowest acceptable level with constant monitoring.
  10. If the high-risk individual does not intentionally participate in the recommendations set by his or her state, multi-session or combined behavioural interventions are recommended.
  11. To set an example, it is suggested that the health workers of the state should refrain from developing risky habits such as smoking.

 

Reference:

1) Marchal S, et al. (2016). The new European guideline on cardiovascular disease prevention; how to make progress in general practice? Available at:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5795755/