High blood pressure is a condition that is more popular than you think. High blood pressure is a condition to which the pressure of blood against your blood vessels is greater than the normal. The long-term bombardment of pressure on your veins leads to several health-risk such as stroke, heart disease, organ damage, and even death.

High blood pressure signs

What’s surprising about high blood pressure is that most people who have this don’t experience symptoms.

Some people with high blood pressure would experience headaches, a pain in the neck, shortness of breath, and nosebleeds. These symptoms don’t manifest in the early stage of high blood pressure, but sometimes, it can happen at the onset. Most of the time, these symptoms show up when your blood pressure condition reaches a severe level.

Causes

There are two types of high blood pressure, and causes categorize them.

1) Primary (essential) hypertension

This type of high blood pressure is idiopathic, meaning the cause is unknown. Doctors usually would say that primary hypertension is caused by lifelong eating, sleeping, and other destructive habits.

2) Secondary hypertension

Some people have hypertension because of an underlying condition. Most secondary hypertension just suddenly happens or is acute. Some of the common causes of secondary hypertension are the following condition:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney problems
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Thyroid problems
  • Congenital disabilities

Medications such as contraceptive pills, cold drugs, decongestants, pain relievers, and some prescription drugs.

Treatment

There are various ways of treating high blood pressure, and the most credible form of treatment would be coming through a recommendation from your doctor. Developing a healthy diet is one of them.

There are instances too in which your doctor would give you a maintaining drug that would consistently keep your high blood pressure at bay. Some of these drugs are vasodilating agents, meaning they can dilate the walls of blood vessels. There are some alternative drugs, like CBD oil or cannabidiol, that can have the same vasodilating effects.

Diet

A healthy diet that is pro-heart is essential in controlling high blood pressure. A heart-healthy diet is composed of the following food:

  • fruits
  • vegetables
  • whole grains
  • lean proteins like fish

Final thought

High blood pressure is a common condition of the world population. It is more prevalent in older people, but younger people can have this too. High blood pressure is dangerous because, until it reaches a severe level, it wouldn’t show telling symptoms.

There are two types of high blood pressure according to causes. The first type is called primary hypertension, which is usually idiopathic or just came out of nowhere. The second type is called secondary hypertension, which is caused by an underlying condition such as thyroid problem.

The treatment for high blood pressure could be anything. Treatment depends on your high blood pressure condition, but the treatment is pretty standard. Your first line of defense would be a change of habit, meaning you need to eat healthier and do more exercise. Your second line of defense would be through medication.

 

References:

Mayoclinic. (N.D). Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/symptoms-causes/syc-20373410

H, Kimberly. (2018). Available at: https://www.healthline.com/health/high-blood-pressure-hypertension