To know how we can treat Hypertension or High Blood Pressure, we must define it first. Hypertension or most commonly known as High Blood Pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it can eventually cause several health problems, such as heart disease, strokes, heart attacks, and heart failure.
Treating hypertension is as simple as lowering high blood pressure to preserve several vital organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys from severe damage. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. In simpler terms, the more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher the blood pressure.
What Causes Hypertension?
There are several things that may play a role in the rise of your blood pressure; among them are the following:
- Being overweight
- Lack of exercise
- Too much salt in your diet
- Too much alcohol consumption
Treatments for Hypertension
A significant lifestyle change is probably the most effective treatment for hypertension. Being able to change the habits that help control blood pressure can significantly improve your well-being. You can lower your blood pressure with the following lifestyle changes:
- Losing weight if you’re overweight or obese. Having regular exercise plays an essential role in managing your blood pressure.
- Staying physically active. When you are physically active, you are also maintaining a healthy weight.
- Eating a healthy diet, including more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products.
- Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption.
- Quitting smoking and avoiding secondhand smoke
- Reducing the amount of sodium in your diet.
- Limiting caffeine consumption.
- Monitoring blood pressure at home.
Drugs to Treat Hypertension
Most of the people who are experiencing high blood pressure find that a total lifestyle change is hard to do. People also take medication to treat their condition. There are several types of blood pressure medications with different effects.
If one drug does not lower your blood pressure, maybe another one might lower it. For some people, combinations of a few drugs can help maintain their blood pressure.
High blood pressure medications are divided into several categories based on how they work. Listed below are examples of drugs for each category.
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
ACE inhibitors help the body produce less hormones called angiotensin II, which causes your blood vessel to narrow. These medications help lower blood pressure by expanding the blood vessels and let more blood flow through.
ACE inhibitors include the following:
- Captopril (Capoten)
- Benazepril hydrochloride (Lotensin)
- Fosinopril sodium (Monopril)
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
ARBs prevent the action of angiotensin II directly on the blood vessels. It helps lower blood pressure by attaching itself at the receptor site on the blood vessels and keeps them from narrowing.
ARBs include the following:
- Irbesartan (Avapro)
- Losartan potassium (Cozaar)
- Eprosartan mesylate (Teveten)
Diuretics are often called water pills because they help the kidneys get rid of excess water and salt. This results in the reduction of the volume of blood that needs to pass through the blood vessels, which results in lower blood pressure.
There are three major types of diuretics defined by how they work. It includes the following:
- Loop diuretics (bumetanide, furosemide)
- Potassium-sparing diuretics (amiloride, Aldactone, dyrenium)
- Thiazide diuretics (chlorthalidone, Microzide, diuril)
Beta-blockers help the heartbeat with less speed and effort. Pumping less blood through the blood vessels with each beat results in a decrease in blood pressure. Drugs included are the following:
- Carvedilol (Coreg)
- Metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor)
- Atenolol (Tenormin)
- Propranolol (Inderal)
Alternative Treatment for Hypertension
Another alternative treatment for high blood pressure that’s gaining a lot of popularity lately is by using CBD oil. Recent studies have linked CBD oil with several benefits for the heart and circulatory system; this includes the ability to lower high blood pressure significantly.
CBD oil is known to give calming effects that can relax a person; this can drop a person’s blood pressure in time with their heart rate to respond coordinately.
CBD oil also has anti-anxiety effects. Anxiety, which can trigger rapid heart rate and palpitations, can also play a part in having high blood pressure. CBD oil can significantly alleviate rapid heart rate and palpitations, thus resulting in lower blood pressure.
Lastly, CBD oil has analgesic properties. A study found that severe pain can lead to high blood pressure. CBD oil dampens the pain receptors in our brain, thus, leading to a decrease in blood pressure.